Aimed at relieving the compression and pressure associated with pinched nerves of the spinal column, spinal decompression therapy attempts to provide relief through both surgical and non-surgical treatment options. Spinal decompression therapy’s purpose is to relieve pain associated with a variety of spinal afflictions like disc herniation, spondylolisthesis, sciatica, spinal stenosis and degenerative disc disease.
With multiple avenues to relief available, spinal decompression therapy can be the most optimal and successful treatment option for many patients suffering from a variety of spinal issues and back aches.
Both the non-surgical and surgical techniques are performed by BASIC Spine’s team of expert physicians and neurosurgeons, all of whom can provide those suffering from spinal nerve compression with the relief and recovery they need.
Surgical Spinal Decompression Surgery
The most common procedures used to perform spinal decompression include Microdiscectomy (also called microdecompression) as well as laminectomy (also called open decompression). Each procedure addresses different levels of nerve compression, providing relief for first-time patients as well as those whose previous procedures have been unsuccessful.
A procedure commonly performed by our expert surgeons at BASIC Spine, a microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive procedure that removes the herniated disc material causing the compression on the nerve or spinal cord. Typically the portion of the herniated disc called the nucleus pulposus is the part of the invertebral disc that puts stress on the affected nerve.
It is this portion that is removed through the microdiscectomy. As a minimally invasive procedure, only a small incision is made to allow for a microscope or magnification instrument as well as the surgical instrument or laser. Microdisectomies are often the first treatment avenue utilized by surgeons as an alternative to other more invasive procedures.
However, because of the minimal access a microdiscectomy can provide surgeons, more complex forms of nerve/spinal cord compression may require a more invasive surgery.
Allowing the surgeon to gain greater access to the invertebral disc, a laminectomy removes the portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina. This procedure can have a varying amount of complexity. Some forms of laminectomies only remove the lamina, while others will remove the associated ligaments, spinous processes, and surrounding connective tissues. The complexity of the procedure is dependent on the severity of the nerve compression the patient is experiencing.
Non-Surgical Decompression Therapy
Non-surgical decompression therapy attempts to distract the disc and compressed nerve through the use of angled force on the affected area. Utilizing a mechanical traction device, the controlling computer monitors the amount of force and angle onto the patient. This action reduces the body’s natural reaction to external force, which can often lead to muscle spasm. Due to the computer’s precise control, the force can be fully utilized to alleviate the pain.
In an attempt to alleviate the compression that results from the body’s weight in conjunction with gravity, inversion therapy turns the patient upside down to allow gravity to pull the body towards the ground. This helps to decompress the stressed discs. Inverting the patient can be done numerous ways, including using inversion tables, gravity boots or hanging by the feet.
There is some risk associated with inversion therapy and those with high blood pressure, heart disease, eye diseases or are pregnant are at higher risk for experiencing the dangers related to this procedure.
With the force and angle controlled and monitored by a computer program, the decompression table is an effective form of non-surgical treatment for compressed nerves and a compressed spinal cord. Spinal decompression is done through a series of fifteen alternating one-minute decompression and relaxation circuits.
The decompression phase has two coinciding events that occur. The first event is the physical decompression of the disc and nucleus puloposus. The second event is the influx of nutrients to the annulus fibrosis, in order to aid in the healing process.
The location of the table’s decompression straps depends on the area of the back that is inflamed and in pain. Straps will be located around the waist and lower chest for pain in the lower back. If the pain is in the neck, the straps will surround only the neck. With virtually no pain associated with the decompression table technique, it is a favorable treatment option and patients find great relief with this procedure.
Posture plays a key role in the overall success of all non-surgical decompression therapy. Physicians will often alter the spine’s posture while the patient is on the decompression table to make the procedure even more successful. Posture is adjusted through Range-of-Motion (ROM) decompression, which allows the decompression force to reach spinal areas and tissues that are otherwise unreachable by basic decompression tactics.
Conditions That Can Be Treated By Spinal Decompression Therapy
- Herniated Disc
- Degenerative Disc Disease
- Bulging Disc
- Spinal Stenosis
- Chronic Cervical Neck Pain
- Chronic Lumbar Pain
- Spinal Stenosis
- Isthmic and Degenerative Spondylolisthesis
This is a list of common conditions that are treatable with spinal decompression therapy. If you suffer from the above painful conditions or other similar conditions, take advantage of BASIC Spine’s expertise in spinal decompression therapy and award winning surgeons.
BASIC Spine offers skillfully trained neurosurgeons, pain management physicians, and chiropractors that offer minimally invasive techniques, effective surgical decompression therapy, as well as non-surgical procedures to help alleviate back pain. BASIC Spine is the perfect source for any one suffering from back pain and a variety of painful conditions.
Help us help you get back to your optimum lifestyle, contact BASIC Spine today!