Newport Beach Spinal Pain Surgical Animations
Sometimes the particulars of spinal conditions and procedures are difficult to conceptualize. That’s why BASIC Spine has provided for you detailed animations and explanations for the most common conditions and procedures we see in our practice. Here’s a brief explanation of what each animation details. Be sure to click on the animation to see more information on that subject.
Animations show how spine surgery works and explains the anatomy of the back and spinal cord.
This covers both the common spinal conditions that you may develop and treatment procedures to cure your chronic pain.
Watch detailed animations of the human back anatomy and see expanations of the surgical procedures for back pain and see descriptions below for each procedure.
Compression fracture (trauma) – A compression fracture occurs when the bone of the vertebra is crushed. This condition can occur due to trauma to the back, but it is more commonly seen in older women with osteoporosis.
Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD) – Degenerative disc disease is a normal part of aging and involves the loss of water in the discs. This can lead to tears in the disc and possible herniation with nerve impingement.
Herniated Disc (cervical) – A herniated disc is a protrusion of the jelly like material that cushions between the vertebrae. When it occurs in the cervical region, it can lead to pain in the neck, shoulders, and down the arms.
Herniated Disc (lumbar) – A herniated disc often causes impingement to the nerves that serve the lower back and legs. When the disc breaks from its confines, it can press on the sciatic nerve and cause pain to the toes.
Osteoarthritis – Osteoarthritis is the breakdown of the joints of the body due to the wear and tear of age. Although it usually occurs in the large joints of the knees and hips, it can occur in the small joints of the spine, known as the facet joints.
Osteoporosis – Osteoporosis is the weakening of the bones due to a lack of calcium or weight bearing exercise. It can affect any bone, but when it occurs in the bones of the spine, it can lead to compression fractures and kyphosis.
Sciatica – Sciatica refers to impingement of the sciatic nerve that serves the buttocks and lower leg. In most cases, a disc herniates in the lumbar region that presses on a nerve root to cause this pain.
Scoliosis – Scoliosis is the side to side abnormal curvature of the spine. It is most commonly found in young children, and when severe, it is treated with bracing or surgery.
Spondylolisthesis – This condition occurs when one vertebra slips forward over another vertebra. It can occur at any level, but it most commonly occurs in the lumbar region. Children and young adults are generally the patients who experience this condition, although it can happen at any age.
Stenosis (cervical) – Stenosis refers to the narrowing of the channel the spinal cord runs down in the center of the spinal column. When it occurs in the cervical region, it can cause pain in the neck, upper back, arms, and shoulders.
Stenosis (lumbar) – The narrowing of the spinal column in the lumbar region can cause pain, numbness, and tingling in the buttocks, hips, and legs. It is usually treated with spinal fusion surgery, although more conservative measures are often effective.
Tumors – A tumor is a benign or malignant mass that grows and proliferates abnormally. Tumors can occur anywhere in the body, but when they occur in the spinal bone or the spinal cord itself, it can cause neurological symptoms in the region where it is located.
Cervical: Anterior cervical discectomy, fusion, instrumented – This procedure is performed in the neck region, and it involves removing a disc that may have herniated and is pressing on a nerve. This particular procedure is performed from the front of the neck. After the disc is removed, instrumentation is used to insert bone grafting material to fuse the two adjacent vertebrae together and restrict movement.
Cervical: Cervical laminectomy, fusion, instrumented – Laminectomy involves removing the spinal process of the vertebra and the surrounding bone called the lamina. It is usually performed for stenosis of the spinal canal, and it takes pressure off of the spinal cord in the neck. In this procedure, instruments such as rods or screws are used to stabilize the spine.
Cervical: Cervical laminoplasty – Laminoplasty is a procedure performed on the cervical region to take pressure off of the spinal cord in spinal stenosis. It involves making a hinge in the lamina of the vertebra to decrease the pressure on the spinal cord without completely removing the bone.
Cervical: Posterior cervical laminotomy – Laminotomies involve removing only part of the bone of a vertebra. For instance, in the case of bone spurs, a laminotomy is performed to relieve the pressure. This surgery allows for the conservation of most of the bone of the vertebra, and it is performed from the back.
Computer assisted spine surgery – Computer assisted spine surgery uses computers to create a 3D view of the surgical field. The surgeon will sit at a workstation and manipulate tools through the use of remote technology. This often allows for smaller incisions and more precise control of the surgical instruments.
Lateral lumbar interbody fusion – Lateral lumbar interbody fusion is a procedure that joins two adjacent vertebrae. However, in this approach, the incision is made on the side of the body instead of directly over the spine. It allows for a less pain, quicker recovery, and a minimally invasive approach.
Lumbar: Anterior lumbar interbody fusion – An anterior lumbar interbody fusion involves removing a great deal of the disc that may be pushing on a nerve root. In this procedure, the surgical incision is made in the abdomen, and this helps to reduce disturbance of the muscles of the lower back. Once the disc is removed, the vertebrae are fused together.
Lumbar: laminectomy – A laminectomy removes part of the bone of a vertebra to help reduce pressure on adjacent nerve roots. Bone spurs and other bony processes that are narrowing the spinal column or impinging nerves can be removed to create decompression and a reduction in symptoms.
Lumbar: laminectomy, fusion, instrumented – In a laminectomy, part of the vertebra’s bone structure is removed. In this procedure, a great deal has been removed, and the vertebra needs to be fused to another vertebra for stability. Sometimes hardware or instrumentation, such as rods and pins, may need to be inserted for extra support.
Lumbar: laminectomy, fusion, uninstrumented – Lumbar laminectomy refers to removing part of the vertebra in any of the seven bones that make up the lumbar region. If more than half of the vertebra is removed, the bone may need to be fused to an adjacent vertebra for support. Rods and pins, also called instrumentation, are not used in this procedure.
Lumbar: Minimally invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) – This procedure involves making an incision on the back to access the lumbar disc that may be impinging on a nerve. The two vertebrae are fused with one bone graft to the posterior of the spine. With a minimally invasive approach, smaller incisions are used, and the healing time and pain are generally reduced.
Lumbar: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) – Interbody fusion is a procedure in which two lumbar vertebrae are fused together after a disc has been removed. With the transforaminal approach, two bone grafts are placed to either side of the vertebrae to complete the graft. With a minimally invasive approach, the incisions in the back are generally smaller and discomfort is lessened.
Lumbar: Minimally invasive discectomy (percutaneous disc removal) – Herniated lumbar discs can often press on nerve roots and cause pain. In this procedure, the portion of the disc that is bulging is removed. It involves a very small incision in the skin, and it does not disturb the muscles of the lower back as much as a traditional approach would.
Lumbar: Partial discectomy – When a disc in your lumbar region herniates, it is not always necessary to remove the entire disc and perform a fusion. A partial discectomy removes the part that is impinging a nerve in order to relieve pain.
Lumbar: Posterior lumbar interbody fusion – A posterior lumbar interbody fusion starts with removal of the herniated disc in the lumbar region through a long incision on the back. The two adjacent vertebrae are then fused together with one large bone graft that is placed directly on the posterior of the vertebrae.
Lumbar: Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion – A transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion involves removing the herniated disc and fusing the adjacent vertebrae with two smaller bone grafts to the sides of the vertebrae. It can provide mechanical stability in the lower back when two bone grafts are used instead of one.
Lumbar: Vertebral body replacement – Vertebral body replacement involves taking out a diseased or fractured vertebra and replacing it with a synthetic one. This is often useful after trauma from a car accident that leads to instability in the spine. It provides instant stability to allow the patient to move pain free.
Thoracic: Scoliosis treatment: derotation with instrumentation – This is a procedure performed on the spinal vertebrae of the chest, and it aims to straighten out a curved spine. With the use of pins, screws, and bone grafts, the surgeon can realign the spine to decrease pain. It will also allow the back to grow straight instead of becoming progressively curved.
Thoracic: Thoracic laminectomy with instrumentation – A thoracic laminectomy is a procedure in which portions of one or several vertebrae in the chest reason are removed to decrease pain, access a tumor, or decrease spinal stenosis. Rods and pins are then used to replace the bone and provide stability to the spine.
Thoracic: Thoracic vertebral body replacement (anterior) – This procedure involves replacing an entire vertebra that may be damaged due to tumor or trauma. It is usually performed from an anterior approach, or from the front of the body. It can relieve the pain caused by the pressure of a severely fractured vertebra or that is caused by a tumor impinging on nerves.
We can help!
If you believe you have any of these conditions and would like medical advice and possible treatment for these condistions, it is suggested you see a physician right away to help you with your discomfort. You can contact BASIC SPINE and be seen in one of our several locations in Southern California. If you are not sure which one, call us toll-free at 855-33-BASIC.
- Back Pain
- Brachial Plexus Injuries
- Cervical Radiculopathy
- Lumbar Radiculopathy
- Compression Fractures
- Degenerative Disc Disease (Cervical and Lumbar)
- Facet Joint Syndrome
- Failed Back or Neck Syndrome
- Herniated Disc
- Lower Back Pain
- Nerve Impingement
- Spinal Infection
- Spinal Canal Stenosis (Cervical and Lumbar)
- Spinal Cord Compression
- Spina Bifida
- Cervical Neck Pain
- Lumbar Back Pain
- Lumbar Disc Herniation
- Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF)
- Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF)
- Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF)
- Artificial Disc Replacement
- Endoscopic Spine Surgery
- Posterior Cervical Foraminotomy
- Micro Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy
- Micro Endoscopic Cervical Discectomy
- Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion (XLIF®)
- Interlaminar Lumbar Instrumented Fusion (ILIF™)
- Facet Joint Injections
- Pain Pumps
- Spinal Cord Implants
- MILD Procedure (Minimally Invasive Lumbar Decompression)
- Ultra Minimally Invasive Endoscopic Spinal Surgery
- Compression Fracture (Cervical/Thoracic/Lumbar)
- Headaches (Migraines, Tension, Cluster)
- Heel Spur
- Medial Lateral Epicondylitis
- Myofacial Pain Syndrome
- Occipital Neuralgia
- Peripheral Neuropathy
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Postherpetic Neuralgia
- Sacroiliac Joint Disease
- Slipped Rib Syndrome
- Shoulder/Hip/Knee/Ankle/Wrist pain
- Trigeminal Neuralgia